In today’s society that is characterized and driven by information technology (IT) as well as the requirement for increased efficiency is on the rise, most organizations rely on IT to make better and more enhanced business decisions. There is a need to make sufficient use of all available data to make appropriate decisions with regards to the operations of an organization. To develop an Enterprise Architecture (EA) Planning Strategy to include different departments within an organization, the IT executive needs to find value in the technology they invest in. Once IT executives focus on and communicate IT investment strategy and accomplishments in terms of business outcomes, business executives are more comfortable that IT understands their objectives and can help them achieve strategic outcomes. Only then can IT have constructive discussions about how technology innovation can support or even transform business strategy. Though EA is often assumed to follow an organizations strategy and to align IT with business objectives, EA Planning will help any organization with strategies that must be influenced by IT capabilities. IT departments that are driving strategic value understand both the business objectives and the organization’s competitive differentiation. This paper aims to find out the use of EA in business transformation. Therefore, it looks into the question as to how Enterprise Architecture (EA) is used for business transformation. Enterprise Architecture (EA) is a kind of strategy that has been adopted in order to align business with IT within a particular type of venture.
Enterprise architecture (EA) is increasingly becoming a substantial competitive advantage all across the board. Some of the methodologies applied in EA include:
– The Open Group Architectural Framework (Open Group, 2014).
– The Zachman Framework (Zachman, 2003).
– The Federal Enterprise Architecture (2012).
– The Gartner Methodology (James, 2005).
Currently, most organizational missions are to exist for many years to come as well as to remain relevant to most if not all of its client base. The only way such organizations can ascertain that they are able to survive harsh economic climates is through focus on the creation of the company’s long-term value as well as being adaptive the various changes that take place in the business environment. Business should also be ready to take quick advantage of all the opportunities that come their way. As part of the elements required by institutions to participate in creation of value presently as well as in the future, there is a need for them to make sure that they align the functions of the business with the direction it wants to take alongside organizational goals and objectives. These functions include information systems, business functions, and the business processes. EA is about establishing a shared business vision and strategy for the enterprise. EA starts with a vision as to where an organization is going and a strategy as to how to reach there. It is sort of a blueprint that is used in the documentation of all the IT systems within the enterprise, their interaction as well as relationship in order to ensure that the missions of the company can be fulfilled. It was discovered that before the introduction of enterprise architecture, businesses did not attain most of the value that they were capable of getting due to the increased cost and difficulty of putting in place IT systems. Nowadays installation of IT systems is on the rise, and many institutions can no longer avoid such matters. EA is thus more required today than any other time before.